I support Affirmative Action at least to some extent. For individuals who were subject to actual discrimination on the basis of race, an extra boost seemed fair. It seemed reasonable to me in the 1960’s and 70’s. However, as we go further and further away from the era of Jim Crow, it becomes less and less justifiable. For over fifty years, people who have suffered racial discrimination have had redress through a a whole array of bureaucratic and legal remedies. Many have sued in court or filed complaints with the EEOC. In my opinion class-defined remedies are more equitable. They even address to some extent the problems of racial disparity. Blacks have benefited disproportionately from HUD, AFDC, and other welfare programs and that happened even though the program criteria were color-blind. But why should the children of a Black professional couple who went to private school get an extra advantage for getting into a good college over a poor white kid whose parents didn’t graduate high school? People who favor this racialism also seem blind to the unfair ways this impacts on Hispanic, Asian and mixed race people. At a certain point, racist quotas, even those emanating from good intentions, propagate divisive injustice and we should be looking to eliminate them over time.