Overall, this is a wonderful insightful article with interesting detail that reminds us why the Civil Rights Laws of the 1960s were needed. Particularly powerful was its report of monuments that explicitly praise “White Supremacy” and laud perpetrators of the mass killing of Freedmen defending the right to vote. Hopefully, the people of Louisiana would vote to have these immediately removed from the public square and placed in a historical museum.

Despite all its strengths, this article ended on a wobbly note which asserted there was a “straight line” from Colfax to Ferguson. How is the slaughter of Freedmen defending the results of an election like the killing of a single Black Man who had resisted arrest and was lunging toward a police officer? A whole additional article would be needed to argue that point and it would only diminish the horror of Colfax that the author had conveyed with such force and clarity in the preceding paragraphs.

Mathematician, Statistician, Businessman, and Academic. Student of history, poli sci , and the Bible.

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